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8 Literature Cited

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Abbott, J.D., and S.W. Hinton. 1996. Trends in 2,3,7,8-TCDD concentrations in fish tissues downstream of pulp mills bleaching with chlorine. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 15:1163-1165.

Adams, S.M., W.D. Crumby, M.S. Greeley, L.R. Shugart, and C.F. Saylor. 1992. Responses of fish populations and communities to pulp mill effluents: a holistic assessment. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 24:347-260.

AET. 1995. Ecosystem Recovery: Lifting of Fish Consumption Advisories for Dioxin Downstream from U.S. Pulp Mills.

Ahtiainen, J., T. Nakari, and J. Silvonen. 1996. Toxicity of TCF and ECF pulp bleaching effluents assessed by biological toxicity tests. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey, and G. Van Der Kraak (ed.), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 33-40.

Alzenshtat, Z. 1973. Perylene and its geochemical significance. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 37:559-567.

Anderson, P.S. and A.L. Yuhas. 1996. Improving risk management by characterizing reality: A benefit of probabilistic risk assessment. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 2:55-58.

Archibald, R., L. Roy-Arcand and M. Mérhot.1997. Time, sunlight and the fate of biotreated kraft mill organchlorines in nature. Water Research, 31:85-94.

Asplund, G. 1992. On the origin of organohalogens found in the environment. PhD Thesis, Linkoping Studies in Art and Science 77, Linkoping University. ISBN 91-7870890-7. 50 pp.

Axegård, P., O. Dahlman, L. Haglind, B. Jacobson, R. Mörck and L. Strömberg. 1993. Pulp bleaching and the environment - the situation 1993. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal, 8:365-378.

Bankey, L.A., P.A. Van Veld, D.L. Borton, L. LaFleur and J.J. Stegeman. 1995. Responses of cytochrome P4501A in freshwater fish exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent in experimental stream channels. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 52:439-447.

Beatty-Spence, J. and B. Antcliffe. 1995. Dioxins and furans in Columbia River Mountain Whitefish, 1994. Dioxins '95 International Conference, Edmonton, Alberta, August 21-25, 1995. Vol. 24, pp. 245-250.

Berry, R.M., C. E. Luthe, R.H. Voss, P.E. Wrist, P. Axegård, G. Gellerstedt, P. O. Lindblad and I. Popke. 1991. The effects of recent changes in bleached softwood kraft mill technology on organochlorine emissions: An international perspective. Pulp and Paper Canada. 92:43-53.

Billiard, S.M., P.V. Hodson and K. Querbach. 1997. Developmental Toxicity of Retene (1-methyl 7-isopropyl methylphenanthrene) to two species of freshwater fish. Presented at the 199 Annual Meeting of the Chapitre Saint-Laurent and Laurentian Chapters of SETAC, Montreal, May 31, 1997

Björklund Jansson, M., P. Wormald and O. Dahlman. 1995. Reactions of wood extractives during ECF and TCF bleaching of kraft pulp. Pulp and Paper Canada. 96:42-45.

Borga, P., T. Elowson and K. Liukko. 1996. Environmental loads from water-sprinkled softwood timber: 2. Influence of tree species and water characteristics on wastewater discharges. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15:1445-1454.

Borton, D.L., W.R. Streblow and T.M. Bousquet. 1996. Changes in Ceriodaphnia and fathead minnow life cycle test results associated with modified pulping and bleaching practices. TAPPI Proceedings, 1996 International Environmental Conference and Exhibits: pp 791-797.

Bouloubassi, I. and A. Saliot. 1993. Dissolved, particulate and sedimentary naturally derived polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coastal environment: geochemical significance. Marine Chemistry, 42:127-143.

Burmaster, D.E. 1996. Benefits and costs of using probabilistic techniques in human health risk assessments - with emphasis on site-specific risk assessments. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 2:3543.

Burnison, B.K., P.V. Hodson, D.J. Nuttley and S. Efler. 1996a. A BKME fraction causing induction of a fish mixed function oxygenase (MFO) enzyme. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15:152-1531

Burnison, B.K, M.S. Comba, and J.H. Carey. 1997. Isolation and tentative identification of the compound responsible for fish MFO induction in BKME., Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop, Calgary, October 1996. Canadian Technical Reports on Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, #2144, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Ottawa. p 86.

Carey, J.H., P.V. Hodson, K.R. Munkittrick, and M.R. Servos. 1993. Recent Canadian studies on the physiological effects of pulp mill effluent on fish. Environment Canada, Burlington, Ontario, 1993.

Carey, J., D. Halliburton, K. Munkittrick, and H. Cook. 1996. The Canadian Pulp and Paper Effluent Regulatory Regime: Current Regime and Prospects for Future Development. Presentation at the Pulp Bleaching Conference, Vancouver 1995.

Cates, D.H., C. Eggert, J.L. Yang, and K-E L. Eriksson. 1995. Comparison of effluents from TCF and ECF bleaching of kraft pulps. TAPPI Journal. 78:93-98.

Cook, D.L., L. LaFleur, A. Parrish, J. Jones, and D. Hoy. 1997. Characterization of plant sterols in a select group of U.S. pulp and paper mills. Water Science and Technology. 35:297-303.

Couillard, C.M., P.V. Hodson, and P. Gagnon. 1995. Lesions and parasites in white suckers, Catostomus commersoni, in bleached kraft pulp mill-contaminated and reference rivers. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14:1051-1060.

Dahlman, O., R. Mörck, P. Ljungquist, A. Reimann, C. Johansson, H. Borén, and A. Grimvall. 1993a. Chlorinated structural elements in high molecular weight organic matter from unpolluted waters and bleached-kraft mill effluents. Environmental Science and Technology, 27:1616-1620.

Dahlman, O., L. Haglind, R. Mörck, F. de Sousa and L. Strömberg.1993b. Chemical composition of effluents from chlorine dioxide-bleaching of kraft pulps before and after secondary treatment. EUCEPA International Environmental Symposium, Paris, 1993, pp. 193-215.

Dahlman, O.B., A.K. Reimann, L.M. Strömberg and R.E. Mörck. 1995. High-molecular weight effluent materials from modern ECF and TCF bleaching. Tappi Journal, 78:99-109.

Dahlman, O.B. and K. Mansson. 1996 Analysis of low molecular weight, lignin-derived sulfonates by capillary zone electrophoresis. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology 16:47-60.

Davis, W.P. and S.A. Bartone. 1992. Effects of kraft mill effluent on the sexuality of fishes: an environmental early warning?. In: T. Colborn and C. Clement (Eds.), Chemically induced alterations in sexual and functional development: The wildlife-human connection. Princeton Scientific Publishing Co, Princeton, NJ.

Deardorff, T.L, J.J. Renard and R.B. Philips. 1995. Elemental-chlorine-free bleaching: An environmental assessment in the mill and adjacent ecosystem. Paper Presented at Pacific Paper '95.

Derksen, G. 1995. Comparative analysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) in suspended solids of three wastewater types - pulpmill, municipal and combined sewer overflow. Dioxins '95 International Conference, Edmonton, Alberta, August 21-25, 1995. Vol. 24, pp. 223-226.

Easton, M.D.L., G.M. Kruzynski, I.I. Solar and H.M. Dye. 1997. Genetic toxicity of pulp mill effluent on juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) using flow cytometery. Water Science and Technology, 35:347-355.

Engwall, M., D. Broman, L Dencker, C. Näf, Y. Zebühr, and B. Brunström. 1997. Toxic potencies of extracts of sediment and settling particulate matter collected in the recipient of a bleached mill effluent before and after abandoning chlorine bleaching. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 16:1187-1194.

Environment Canada. 1997. Ecological Assessments of Priority Substances under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act: Guidance Manual Version.1.0 March, 1997. Environmental Protection Series, EPS/2/CC/3E/ Chemicals Evaluation Division, Commercial Chemicals Evaluation Branch, Environment Canada, Ottawa March 1997.

Federal Register. 1996. 61:36835-36858.

Folke, J., and F. Jacobsen.1996. Links between pulp mill discharges and their environmental effects. Paper presented at the Nonbleaching Conference, 1996, Orlando, Fla.

Folke, J., L. Renberg and, N. McCubbin. 1996. Environmental aspects of ECF vs. TCF pulp bleaching. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, KR. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey, and G. Van Der Kraak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 681-692.

Fragoso, N.M., P.V. Hodson, and J. Parrott. 1996. Chronic retene exposure sustains MFO induction in rainbow trout. Poster presented at the 17th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Washington, D.C., November 16-22.

Friesen, KJ., D.C. Muir and G.R.B. Webster. 1990. Evidence of sensitized photolysis of polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins in natural waters under sunlight conditions. Environmental Science and Technology, 24:1739-1744.

Freeman, R.A. and D.M. Schroy. 1989. Comparison of the rate of TCDD transport at Times Beach and at Elgin AFB. Chemosphere, 18:1305-1312.

Gagne, F. and C. Blaise. 1993. Hepatic metallothionein level and mixed function oxidase activity in fingerling rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after acute exposure to pulp and paper mill effluents. Water Research, 27:1669

Gagnon, M.M., D.B. Bussieres, J.J. Dodson, and P.V. Hodson. 1995. White sucker (Catostomus commersoni) growth, maturation and reproduction in pulp mill contaminated and reference rivers. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 14:317-327.

Gagnon, M.M., D.B. Bussieres, J.J. Dodson, and P.V. Hodson. 1996. Letter to the editor: Response to Fisher - Secondary treatment of bleached-kraft mill effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 14:1455-1456.

Gagnon, M.M., J.J. Dodson, P.V. Hodson, G. Van Der Kraak and J.H. Carey. 1994a. Seasonal effects of bleached kraft mill effluent on reproductive parameters of white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) populations of the St. Maurice River, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 51:337-347.

Gagnon, M.M., J.J. Dodson and P.V. Hodson. 1994b. Ability of BKME (bleached kraft mill effluent) exposed white suckers (Catostomus commersoni) to synthesize steroid hormones. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 107C:265-273.

Gellerstedt, G. and E-L. Lindfors. 1987. Hydrophilic groups in lignin after oxygen bleaching. TAPPI Journal, 70:119-122.

Gierer, J. 1986. Chemistry of delignification, Part 2: Reactions of lignins during bleaching. Wood Science and Technology, 20:1-33.

Graves, J.H. Jameel, and T.W. Joyce. 1995. Removal of chlorophenolics from an aerated lagoon. TAPPI Journal 78:99-104.

Gribble, G.W. 1994. The natural production of chlorinated compounds. Environmental Science and Technology. 28:310A-319A.

Gribble, G.W. 1996. Naturally occurring organohalogen compounds - a comprehensive survey. Progress in Organic Natural Products. 68:1-423.

Grimvall, A. 1995. Natural organochlorines in precipitation and surface waters. In: An overview by a panel of independent scientists. EURO-CHLOR publ. 1st ed. February 1995. EURO-Chlor, P.O. Box 2, B 1160 Brussels.

Grimvall, A., K. Laniewski, H. Borén, S. Jonsson, and S. Kaugare. 1994. Organohalogens of natural or unknown origin in surface water and precipitation. Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry. 46:183-196.

Hagen, M.E. and A.G. Colodey. 1995. Environmental response to decreased dioxin and furan loadings from British Columbia coastal pulp mills. Dioxins '95 International Conference, Edmonton, Alberta, August 21-25, 1995. Vol. 24, pp. 251-256.

Hall, T.J., R.K. Haley, D.L. Borton, and T.M. Bousquet. 1996. The use of chronic bioassays in characterizing effluent quality changes for two bleached kraft mills undergoing process changes to increased chlorine dioxide substitution and oxygen delignification. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey, and G. Van Der Kraak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 53-68.

Haninnen, O., Lindström-Seppa, M. Pesonen, S. Huuskonen and P. Muona. 1991. Use of biotransformation activity in fish hepatocytes in the monitoring of aquatic pollution caused by pulp industry. In: M. Yasuno, S. Fukushima and T. Shugaya (Eds), Bioindicators and Environmental Management. Academic Press Ltd, New York, NY, pp 11-20.

Health Council of the Netherlands. 1992. Ecotoxicological risk assesment and policy-making in the Netherlands - dealing with uncertainties. Network 6(3)/7(1):8-11.

Hewit, L.M., J.H. Carey, D.G. Dixon, and K.R. Munkittrick. 1996. Examination of bleached kraft mill effluent fractions for potential inducers of mixed function oxygenase activity in rainbow trout. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey and G. Van Der Kraak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 79-94.

Higashi, RM., G.N. Cherr, J.M. Shenker, J.M. MacDonald and D.G Crosby. 1992. A polar high molecular mass constituent of bleached kraft mill effluent is toxic to marine organisms. Environmental Science and Technology, 26: 2413-2420.

Hodson, P.V., M. Gagnon, J.J. Dodson, and C.M. Couillard. 1992a. Physiological responses of fish in "control" and BKME-polluted rivers Presented at the 13th Annual Meeting of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 9-12, 1992.

Hodson, P.V., M. McWhirter, K. Ralph, B. Gray, D. Thivierge, J.H. Carey, G. Van Der Kraak, D.M. Whittle, and M-C. Levesque. 1992b. Effects of bleached kraft mill effluent on fish in the St. Maurice River, Quebec, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 11:1635-1651.

Hodson, P.V. 1996. MFO induction by pulp mill effluents - advances since 1991. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey, and G. Van Der Kraak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 349-358.

Hodson, P.V., J.H. Carey, K.R. Munkittrick, and M.R. Servos. 1996a. Canada and Sweden - contrasting regulations for chlorine discharge from pulp and paper industries. Proceedings of a SETAC Workshop on the Ecological Risks of Chlorinated Organic Compounds, Alliston, Ontario, 1994.

Hodson, P.V., A.R.P. van Heiningen, and J. Carey. 1996b. Comparison among pulping, bleaching, and waste treatment technologies of effects on fish - proposed research. Conference Summaries, First Annual Meeting of the Sustainable Forest Management Network of Centres of Excellence, Edmonton, Alberta, March 1996, pp 166-169.

Hodson, P.V., S. Efler, J.Y. Wilson, A. El-Shaarawi, M. Maj, and T.G. Williams. 1996c. Measuring the potency of pulp mill effluents for induction of hepatic mixed function oxygenase activity in fish. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 49:101-128.

Hodson, P.V., M.K Maj, S. Elfer, B.K Burnison, A.R.P. Van Heiningen, R. Girard, and J.H. Carey. 1997. MFO induction in fish by spent cooking liquors from kraft pulp mills. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 16:908-916.

Jardine, J., G.J. van Der Kraak, and K.R. Munkittrick. 1996a. Impact of capture, handling, confinement and a three day recovery period on general indicators of stress and reproductive steroids in white sucker exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. submitted.

Jardine, J.J., GJ. Van Der Kraak and K.R. Munkittrick. 1996b. Capture and confinement stress in white sucker exposed to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 33:287-298.

Johansson, C., E. Johansson, H. Borén, A. Grimvall, O. Dahlman, and R. Mörck. 1995. Chlorinated structures in high molecular weight organic matter isolated from fresh and decaying plant material and soil. Journal and other info????

Judd, M.C., T.R Stuthridge, M.H. Tavendale, P.N. McFarlane, K.L. Mackie, S.J. Buckland, C.J. Randall, C.W. Hickey, D.S. Roper, S.M. Anderson, and D. Steward. 1995. Bleached kraft pulp mill sourced organic chemicals in sediments from New Zealand Rivers. Part 1: Waikato River. Chemosphere 30:1751-1765

Juuti, S., T. Vartiainen, P. Joutsenoja, and J. Ruuskanen. 1996. Volatile organochlorine compounds formed in the bleaching of pulp with ClO2. Chemosphere, 33:437448.

Klaine, S.J., G.P. Cobb, R.L. Dickerson, K.R. Dison, R.J. Kendall, E.E. Smith, and K.R. Solomon.1996. An ecological risk assessment for the use of the biocide, dibromonitrilopropionamide (DBNPA) in industrial cooling systems. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 15:21-30.

Kloepper-Sams, P.J., S.M. Swanson, T. Marchant, R. Schryer and J.W. Owens. 1994. Exposure of fish to biologically treated bleached-kraft effluent. 1. Biochemical, physiological and pathological assessment of rocky mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni) and longnose sucker (Catostomus catostomus). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 13:1469-1482.

Kloepper-Sams, P. and E. Benton. 1995. Application of a sensitive chemiluminescent technique for comparison of cytochrome P4501 A induction in hepatic and intestinal tissues of fish exposed to bleached kraft mill effluent. Marine Environmental Research. 39:213-218.

Koistinen, J, J. Paasivirta, T. Nevalainen and M. Lahtiperä. 1994. Chlorophenanthrenes, alkylchlorophenanthrenes and alkylchloronaphthalenes in kraft pulp mill products and discharges. Chemosphere, 28:1261-1277.

Kovacs, T.G. and S.R. Megraw. 1996. Laboratory responses of whole organisms exposed to pulp and paper mill effluents: 1991-1994. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey and G.J. Van der Kraak (Eds.). St. Lucie Press. pp. 459-472.

Kovacs, T.G., J.S. Gibbons, P.H. Martel, B.I. O'Connor and R.H. Voss. 1995a. Effects of a secondary-treated thermomechanical pulp mill effluent on aquatic organisms as assessed by shortand long-term laboratory tests. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 44:485-502

Kovacs, T.G., J.S. Gibbons, L.A. Tremblay, B.I. O'Connor, P.H. Martel and R.H. Voss. l995b. The effects of a secondary-treated bleached kraft mill effluent on aquatic organisms as assessed by short-term and long-term laboratory tests. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 31:7-22.

Kovacs, T.G, J.S. Gibbons, P.H. Martel and R.H. Voss. 1996. Improved effluent quality at a bleached kraft mill as determined by laboratory biotests. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. in press

Kovacs, T.G, P.H. Martel and R.H. Voss, P.E. Wrist and R.F. Willes. 1993. Aquatic toxicity equivalency factors for chlorinated phenolic compounds present in pulp mill effluent. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 12:684-691.

Krahn, P. 1995. Dioxins and furans m British Columbia pulp mill effluent (1987-1995). Dioxins '95 International Conference, Edmonton, Alberta, August 21-25. 1995. Vol. 24, pp. 217-221.

Kringstad, K., L. Stockman, and L. Strömberg. 1994. The nature and significance of spent bleach liquor toxicants: Present state of knowledge. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, 4:389-398.Chap3

Kvernheim, A.L., K Martinsen, G.E. Carlberg, B.E. Berg, M. Fresvig and T. Greibrokk. 1993. Characterization of organohalogen matter in sediments from the receiving water of a bleach plant. Chemosphere, 27:733-745.

Lachenal, D. 1996. Hydrogen peroxide as a delkignifying agent. In: Pulp Bleaching, Principles and Practice. C.W. Dence and D.W. Reeve, Eds. TAPPI Press, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 347-361.

Lachenal, D., J.C. Fernandes and P. Froment. 1995. Behavior of residual lignin in kraft pulp during bleaching. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 21:J173-J177.

Landner., L., A. Grimvall, L. Häkansson, O. Sangfors and E. Waltersson. 1994. Chlorine and chlorine compounds in Sweden. Swedish Chemicals Inspection Report 16. ISSN 0284-1185. Stockholm, Sweden, 269 pp (in Swedish).

Lapierre, L., J. Bouchard, R.M. Berry and B. Van Lierop. 1995. Chelation prior to hydrogen peroxide bleaching of kraft pulps: an overview. Journal of Pulp and Paper Science, 21:J268-J273.

Lehtinen, K.-J., J. Tana, J. Härdig, K. Mattson, J. Hemming and P. Lindström-Seppa. 1992. Effects in mesocosms exposed to effluents from bleached hardwood kraft pulp mill. Part 1. Effects on survival, growth, parasites and physiological status in fish exposed in mesocosms to effluents from bleached hardwood pulp production. pp 3-54 Study No 10. Finland Board of Waters and the Environment.

Lehtinen, K-J., B. Axelsson, K. Kringstad, and L. Strömberg. 1991. Characterization of pulp mill effluents by the model ecosystem approach. SSVL-investigations in the period 1982-1990. Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal. 2:81-88.

Lehtinen, K-J. 1996. Biochemical responses in organisms exposed to effluents from pulp production: are they related to bleaching? In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey, and G. Van Der Kreak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 359-368.

Lehtinen, K-J., K. Mattsson, J. Tana, and C. Grotell. 1996. Light energy as a cause behind structural and functional variation in brackish water littoral mesocosms used in ecotoxicological research. Boreal Environmental Research, 33:71-83.

Lewis, J. 1947. Bioindicators of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). MSc thesis, University of Guelph.

Lovblad, R. and J. Malmstrom. 1994. Biological effects of kraft pulp mill effluents. A comparison between ECF and TCF pulp production. International Non-Chlorine Bleaching Conference, March 1995, Florida, USA. Miller Freeman Inc. Distribution Center, Calif.

Luthe, C.E., P.E. Wrist and R.M. Berry. 1992. An evaluation of the effectiveness of dioxins control strategies on organochlorine effluent discharges from the Canadian bleached chemical pulp industry. Pulp and Paper, Canada, 93:T239

Luthe, C.E. and R.M. Berry. 1997. A study of the dioxins loadings in pulps and process effluents of five mills using dioxins control technology. Submitted for publication.

Mackay, D. 1995. A perspective on the chlorine controversy. Great Lakes Research Review, 1:512.

MacLatchey, D.L. and G.J. Van Der Kraak. 1995. The phytoestrogen, ß-sitosterol alters the reproductive endocrine status of goldfish. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 134:305-312

Malmqvist, A. and T. Welander. 1994. Biological removal of chlorate from breaching plant effluent. Water Science Technology. 29:365-372.

Malmqvist, A., T. Welander, E. Moore, A. Ternström, G. Molin and L.M. Stenström. 1994. Ideonella dechloratansI gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterium capable of growing anaerobically with chlorate as an electron receptor. Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 17:58-64.

Martel, P.H. and T.G. Kovacs. 1996a. The effect of secondary treatment on the potential of pulp and paper mill effluents to induce mixed function oxygenase activity in fish. Water Research. submitted

Martel, P.H., T.G Kovacs and R.H. Voss. 1996b. Effluent from Canadian pulp and paper mills: A recent investigation of their potential to induce mixed function oxygenase activity in fish. In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.H. Carey and G.J. Van Der Kraak (Eds.). St. Lucie Press. pp. 401-412.

Martel, P.H., T.G Kovacs, B.I. O'Connor and R.H. Voss. 1996c. Monitoring pulp and paper mill effluent quality by laboratory biotests. II. Hepatic MFO responses in fish. Presented at the Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop, Calgary Alberta, October, 1996.

Martel, P.H, T.G. Kovacs, B.I. O'Connor and R.H. Voss. 1994. A survey of pulp and paper mill effluents for their potential to induce mixed function oxidase enzyme activity in fish. Water Research. 28: 1835-1844.

McDonough, T.J. 1996. Oxygen delignification In: Pulp Bleaching, Principles and Practice. C.W. Dence and D.W. Reeve, Eds. TAPPI Press, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 213-239.

McKague, A.B. and G. Carlberg. 1996. Effluent Characteristics and Composition. Presented at the Pulp Bleaching Conference, Vancouver, 1995.

McKague, A.B. and A. Grey.1996. The reaction of syringol with chlorine dioxide. Journal of Wood Chemistry and Technology, 16:249-259.

McMaster, M.E., G.J. Van Der Kraak and K.R. Munkittrick. 1995. Exposure to bleached kraft pulp mill effluent reduces the steroid biosynthetic capacity of white sucker ovarian follicles. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. 112C: 169-178.

McMaster, M.E., K.R. Munkittrick, P.L. Luxon and G.J. van Der Kraak. 1994. Impact of exposure to head pulp mill effluent and low level sampling stress on interpretation of non-specific biochemical indicators of exposure. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 27:251-264

McMaster, M.E., G.J. Van der Kraak and K.R. Munkittrick. 1996a. An epidemiological evaluation of the biochemical basis for steroid hormonal depressions in fish exposed to industrial wastes. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 22:153-171.

McMaster, ME., K.R. Munkittrick, G.J. Van Der Kraak, P.A. Flett and M.R. Servos. 1996b. Detection of steroid hormone disruptions associated with pulp mill effluent using artificial exposures of goldfish In: Environmental Fate and Effects of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents. M.R. Servos, K.R. Munkittrick, J.X Carey, and G. Van Der Kraak (Eds), St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL, pp 425-438.

Mellanen, P, J. Lehtimäki, S. Mäkelä, T. Petäanen, G. Bylund, B. Holmbom, A. Oikari and E. Santti. 1996. Induction of vitellogenin gene expression in the liver of juvenile rainbow trout, a bioassay for the detection of wood-derived estrogens. Poster, Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology and Chemistry, Washington, D.C., November 1996.

Mellanen, P., T. Petäanen, J. Lehtimäki, S. Mäkelä, G. Bylund, B. Holmbom, E. Manilla, A. Oikari and E. Santti. 1996. Wood-derived estrogens: Studies in vitro with breast cancer cell lines and in vivo in trout. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 136:381-388.

Mellor, C., J. van Oostdam and N. Zirnhelt. 1995. Dioxin and furan in Mountain Whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni) from the Fraser River, 1994. Dioxins '95 International Conference, Edmonton, Alberta, August 21-25, 1995. Vol 24, pp. 239-243.

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